Keeping your car in tip-top shape can help prevent unnecessary
repair bills and unexpected trips to the mechanic. One essential
car maintenance task is a routine oil change. Oil changes are a
must for proper vehicle care, but they can be easy and relatively
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Why You Should Check and Change Your Oil
Your car’s engine is complex and contains numerous moving parts.
Oil lubricates these moving parts and keeps everything running
smoothly, says Angie’s List. Over time some of the motor oil burns
offleaving a thick sludge behind. This sludge reduces the oil’s
ability to lubricate the parts properly, which can lead to engine
wear. Checking your oil can help determine if the oil needs to be
changed and if there is enough in the car.
According to Cars.com, here are some of the reasons why you should
change your car’s oil:
- Oil cools, lubricates and cleans moving parts. Without oil, your
engine would stop working.
- Oil can become dirty and break down, likely reducing engine
efficiency and longevity.
- Regular oil changes can help prevent long-term engine damage, which
may help you avoid costly repair bills.
How to Check Your Oil
Consumer Reports suggests that drivers check their oil at every
other gas fill-up. Start by consulting your owner’s manual. It
should contain information on how to check the oil in your vehicle.
Once your car is parked on level ground and the engine is off,
Consumer Reports recommends these steps for checking your oil:
- Pop the hood. Locate the oil dipstick and remove it. A graphic of an oil can
usually marks its location.
- Wipe off the dipstick and reinsert it. Clean the oil off the dipstick with a rag, put it back in and
remove it again.
- Determine the oil level. The dipstick is marked to show at what level the oil is full. If
the level of the oil is at or below the levels marked add,” low” or
min,” add a little bit of oil (a half-quart) at a time. Then wipe,
reinsert and remove the dipstick again for another check.
- Check oil color. Look for brown or black color. If the oil is a light, milky color,
or if you notice tiny metal particles, take your vehicle to a
mechanic for further diagnosis.
Which Kind of Oil Should You Use?
Which kind of oil you use in your vehicle depends on your engine’s
needs and the manufacturer’s recommendations in the owner’s manual.
You can choose synthetic oil, conventional oil or high-mileage oil,
depending on your engine’s needs and the expected oil life. Also,
you’ll need to choose the right viscosity for your enginethat
information is typically found on your engine’s oil cap or in the
vehicle’s owner’s manual.
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How Often Should You Change Your Oil?
Every car manufacturer has a slightly different recommended oil
change schedule. Consult your owner’s manual to find your car
manufacturer’s suggested oil change interval. When a dealership or
service center changes your vehicle’s oil, they will typically put
a sticker on your window to tell you when your car is due for
another oil change.
When you have the oil changed, it’s a good idea to check the oil
filter, as well. You may also want to perform other routine
maintenance, such as checking the brakes, rotating the tires and
topping off fluids, says Angie’s List. Be sure to ask your mechanic
what inspections they perform during an oil change. Routine oil
changes are a key part of car maintenance to help keep your vehicle
running smoothly. If you need help checking or changing your oil,
consult a car care professional.
Originally published on October 1, 2016.